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Through the ages, topaz has always been associated with the various Gods of the Sun, due to its golden appearance. Usually topaz appears in shades of brown or gold, with the most brilliant gems having an amber gold color similar to cognac.
Topaz is said to give various abilities to its wearer including: improved vision and clarity, healing with the various phases of the moon, and also has been said to help cure insomnia, asthma, and hemorrhages. The most famous topaz is the piece set in the Portuguese Crown called the "Braganza" which, at first, was thought to be a diamond.
Brown, yellow, orange, sherry, and red topaz can be found in Brazil and Sri Lanka. Pink topaz can mainly be found in Pakistan and Russia. Blue topaz that is found primarily in Brazil, Sri Lanka and China is formed by exposure to radiation.
Topaz is the birthstone for November, as is Citrine.
As with all gems, protect topaz from scratches and sharp blows. Also avoid large temperature changes such as leaving it be a heater vent or in a hot car. Do not clean topaz in a home ultrasonic cleaner. The best way to clean topaz is warm soapy water.