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Existing in all shades of blue, from the bright sky blue of a summer's afternoon to the deepest depths of the ocean, sapphire has always had a mesmerizing hold over those who gaze into it. Not many know, though, that sapphire also comes in other colors besides blue, such as red, pink, orange, and purple, almost as if it were a sunset in a stone.
Although sapphires bring up images of blue skies or deep oceans, there is a category of sapphire known as “fancy”. These gems are yellow, purple, pink, white, or green. It is with these stones that the wearer can truly express his or her individuality, as these ‘fancy sapphires' are truly the rarest of the rare. Located in India, Burma, Ceylon, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, Brazil and Africa, the stone’s price and rarity are affected by where it originated. Burma and Ceylon sapphires are among the more costly group of sapphires. However, other factors account for the price of a stone as well. For example, the treatment, or lack of treatment (which is now preferred) to a stone will heavily affect the price. In today's market, the less a sapphire is chemically treated, the more expensive it is.
Symbolizing loyalty, faithfulness, sapphire is an ideal stone for engagement rings as it also is said to have powers to stabilize emotions and enhance communication and understanding while at the same time, express deep love and desire.
Their high hardness (9) is second only to diamonds, which makes them easy to care for. Sapphires require only the usual attention and care from their owner.
Sapphires are September's birthstone and make not only the perfect gift for anniversaries or birthdays, but due to their rarity and beauty, a gift that anyone can truly cherish.
Generally, sapphire is quite durable. Still, sapphires are subject to chipping and fracture is handled roughly.